Goa’s culture and history


Goa was Portugal’s first territorial possession in Asia, captured by Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510.Goa was  the main Portuguese base in the East for four and a half centuries. Albuquerque had intended Goa to be a colony as well as  a naval base.He encouraged his men to marry indigenouswomen and to settle in Goa. These men and their descendants soon became a large Eurasian population. Albuquerque and later colonial administrators left almost untouched the customs and constitutions of the 30 villages.

As goa was the capital of Portugal’s eastern empire, Goa was granted the same civic privileges as Lisbon.In 1563 the governor even proposed to make Goa the seat of a parliament where all parts of the Portuguese East were supposed to be  represented. In 1542 St. Francis Xavier noted the architectural splendour which reached its heights of prosperity between 1575 and 1625. The splendour of Golden Goa inspired the Portuguese proverb, “He who has seen Goa need not see Lisbon.” Merchandise from all parts of the Portuguese empire was displayed in Goa’s bazaar, and separate streets were set aside for the sale of different classes of goods: pearls and coral, porcelain and silk,  velvet and finished textiles from portugal , and medicines and spices.


People living in Goa are called Goan.Goa majorly  benefitted as a trade centre because it is an easily accessible port. Goa is a pleasant harmonization of both,the East and West. A civilization of warm, happy people, Goa is a secular state and follows their age-old traditions and customs. Prawns, crabs, kingfish with their traditional spicy marination are a delicacy as is the seafood. Another festive favourite for the Goans is their beef and pork roasts with Goa’s famous brew Feni, made with fermented cashews. Coconuts, spices and fresh catch from the sea are core ingredients of the Goan kitchen

The Dekhni Dance is a famous tradiotnal dance in goa performed while wearing a ghumat accompanied by a song which has western roots whereas the dance has an Indian origin. The Dekhni dance is performed by only the women of the community and is a famous tradition of Goa.  A few other dances are the Goff Tolgadi And Shigmo.These are a couple of dance forms that are very local to the Goan community  during the months of Spring, as an offering and jubilation  for the peasants and their crops. 

Goa is a city full of beaches, liveliness and paradise being both historically and culturally diverse.

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